Water pumps come in a wide array of types. As well, there is no ideal pump for every circumstance. One thing for certain, a pump is mainly utilized to decrease downtime from heavy rains and to move water from area to another.
Types of Water Pumps
There are just a few types of water pumps; each has a special purpose in a business or home. However, all types are in charge of moving water from one point to another unceasingly.
Well pumps: This type of pump pushes water from underground water sources through pipes that connect to a home or business. Well water pumps also come in a variety of horsepower units. The benefit of a well pump is that you can select the appropriate device with the right amount of horsepower to fit your needs. There are also well water pumps with enough horsepower to supply more than one home or business.
Pressure tanks: This type of pump regulates the pressure of the water as it enters the home. It is ideal for areas that have all four seasons. This is because seasonal changes can modify the pressure of your water. For instance, in the spring the melting snow will affect water pressure.
Sump pumps: This type of pump is the ideal solution for removing excess water due to rain, melting snow and floods. The sump pump is typically installed in the basement where excess water can collect. The motor turns on when the float inside of the sump pump is activated by the water level. The motor then spins the blade which in turn pushes the excess water up a drain hose and outside the home or building. Additionally, submersible sump pumps can manage large amounts of water and be submerged without the hazard of electrical shortages.
The Main Types of Water Pumps
Basically, there are two main categories of water pumps; positive displacement design and centrifugal pumps. Both types have a large variety of options that can be utilized to the best of your needs.
Positive Displacement Pumps: This type of water pump supplies a fixed amount of flow. They are ideal for buildings that have sensitive solids or need to manage high viscosity liquids. The advantages of this type of water pump include high efficiency and removal of air in the lines. For best performance, the clearance between the outer edge and the rotating pump needs to be close.
Centrifugal Pumps: This type of water pump utilizes a rotating impeller to move water through the pump. It then pressurizes the discharge flow. The centrifugal water pump can be used with all liquids including liquid with low viscosity. It is the ideal water pump for thin liquids and high flow rates. The advantages of this type of water pump includes a boost in pressure from the intake line, has a continuous pressure source which offers a fire protection system, perfect for hot water circulation by moving water in a closed system, has an automatic switch controlled by the float and no suction lift is needed. For optimum performance, this system works best if the liquid recirculates to avoid overheating caused by low flows. As well, maintain the device to reduce leakage near the long rotating shaft and avoid suspended solids which can wear down the impeller.
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